The Flint Water Crisis is a terrible event that is harmfully impacting the entire city. When the government fails to be accountable and provide the resources to fix this problem (high levels of lead in the water), the people must find a way to fix it themselves. Although we are not citizens of Flint, our research focuses on the effectiveness of removing potentially dangerous magnesium and calcium particles from water. If our research shows that our method greatly reduces levels of these minerals, we could extrapolate it to lead or other harmful particles in water.
This research aimed to find the effect four different materials (cat litter, salt, rice, and sand) had on the torque of a tire stuck in ice. This will be most helpful to the common citizen living in a colder climate. Knowing what to use to free your car from snow and ice is essential if you're living in a colder climate and frequently get stuck.
Today, freshwater sources, such as lakes and rivers, are becoming more polluted mainly because of agriculture and its overuse of artificial fertilizers. By using factors, daylight and time, this research aims to simulate different times of year. Through simulation, the goal is to estimate the time of year fertilizer substances, like ammonia, breakdown through the nitrogen cycle the slowest and create the most pollution. With this knowledge, those who work in the agricultural industry will be able to limit fertilizer use during that season to maximize pollution reduction..
Our research topic this year is comparing chemical and natural antibiotics to kill potentially harmful bacteria. We chose this topic because antibiotic resistance is becoming a huge problem in the medical field, and doctors are trying to find new ways to fight evolving bacteria.
The purpose of our experiment is to determine which pattern of tire siping is most beneficial for automobiles driving on icy or slippery roads. Currently, the majority of manufactured vehicles do not come equipped with siped tires and are in complete reliance of tire treads to provide traction. The lack of benefits to traction that current siping methods require are generally not enough to compensate for the time-consuming process of making incisions into all four tires of a vehicle. By finding an optimal siping pattern for winter road conditions, the cost of purchasing a new set of tires with winter treads could be offset by only having to pay for the cost of siping.
We will be looking at the effect of varying sub-base materials on the expansion and contraction of asphalt pavement. In our experiment, we will be testing three different sub-base materials: sand, gravel, and marble rock. We will create a small scale pavement road surface with three layers: a base, the sub-base to be tested, and an asphalt patch surface. There will be room for expansion above the patch surface. After setting the layers, they will be exposed to multiple freeze and thaw cycles, and the material expansion will be measured. By conducting this research, we hope to determine what sub-base material will be best suited in asphalt pavement applications in regions where freeze and thaw cycles are common, thus reducing the prevalence of potholes.
The purpose of this experiment was to find the effect that various levels of dissolved oxygen has on the population and growth of Escherichia coli. Algae bloom decomposition can create low levels of oxygen or even dead zones in the Great Lakes, and especially in Lake St. Clair. While E. coli is the most common single bacteria tested to find the health and safety of the water, false testings due to fluctuating oxygen levels could allow dangerous levels of other harmful bacteria to be ignored and cause illness or even death to humans, pets, and wildlife.
We are doing a field study on stormwater runoff by collecting water in the storm drains that drain directly to the lake and testing the pH, temperature, nitrates, and phosphates. The stormwater runoff in most of the drains in St. Clair Shores drains directly to Lake St. Clair, so if the stormwater runoff has high nitrates, a high pH, or high levels of phosphate, the lake's pH can increase, the nitrate levels can increase, and the phosphate levels can increase in the lake, which can cause problems such as harmful algal blooms and dead aquatic life.
Our research is looking to make a "Liquid Body Armor" out of a Non-Newtonian Fluid composition of diatomaceous earth and polyethylene glycol solution. This solution will be applied to samples of denim and will be subjected to both blunt and sharp impact forces to determine the overall protective quality of both the treated and untreated denim samples. Our research could benefit the community as a new form of protective armor. It could yield the potential to protect people in law enforcement, branches of the Military, and people who participate in potentially dangerous sports such as football. The "liquid armor" could also be a more flexible and durable alternative to the regular protective vests and padding typically worn on men and women in law enforcement and in the NFL.
The US has the 10th largest oil reserve in the world. The amount of oil spills is rising due to the increasing rate of transportation of crude oil by boat. Crude oil is highly toxic and contains chemicals that are carcinogenic. These chemicals negatively affect marine life and have caused many of these animals to die. What is the most effective way to clean up the oil? Our mission is to determine if 5W-30 can be easily cleaned with simple UV-B light exposure and turpentine oil.
Every year, on average, two dozen large ships sink each year. These ships can be carrying hazardous materials or valuable cargo. Rather than letting these ships pollute our oceans, we set out to develop a method of recovering these ships. The method we proposed is using electrolysis to produce hydrogen and oxygen underwater to provide a buoyant lifting force to raise the ship. Our research focuses on determining which metal type (aluminum, copper, or steel) will yield the highest rate of gas production in an electrolytic cell.
The problem of the experiment is to determine the ideal angle of attachment of trailer tails to the rear of tractor trailers.
Based upon existing research, the trailer tail angle to reduce the force of wind resistance the greatest will be fifteen degrees, followed by thirty degrees, and finally zero degrees.
The goal of this research project is to determine which combination of two materials will produce an oven mitt most effective at slowing heat conduction through the oven mitt. The materials used to make the oven mitt include silicone, cotton, and Kevlar. Our hypothesis is that the combination of silicone and Kevlar will conduct the least heat, creating an oven mitt with the lowest temperature after a time period
We are interested in finding a way to improve on modern boat designs. This will be done by testing multiple boat designs that vary in size and shape. After testing these designs we will compile all the key aspects of successful boats, and we will be able to construct a final most efficient boat.
Ships with a thin hull will be more efficient than ships with a large thick hull. A catamaran is one of the quickest designs due to its small hull surface area. A ship resembling a catamaran will be the most efficient when compared to the other ships we design. A thin hull will have the least drag from the water.
To determine the best density of foam and layout of cubicles in a office space to minimize the sound within the individual cubicle.
If multiple arrangements of cubicles and density of the sound dampeners, then the honeycomb design paired with the the high density sound dampener will result in the most quiet work environment.
For our research, we plan on spending a few days prepping the hair before treating it and measuring the results. After the treatment and, to collect the data, we have to build a force system in order to test the overall strength of the hair. We have contacted Brendan's mom, Karen Lubiarz, since she was a professional hair stylist for many years and has experience in bleaching and treating hair.
Matt and Ethan
When pills are compounded by small companies, most of them have to do it by hand. While compounding pills by hand, there is no way to confirm that the pills have the same concentration each time.
If the materials are properly combined, then each time a pill is made, it will be within a 10% difference of the calculated amount.
Kianna and Jessie
The Effect of Phosphorus and Nitrogen Fertilizer on Algae Growth
The purpose of this experiment was to discover what kind of fertilizer solution of nitrogen and phosphorus, had the biggest effect on moss growth. It was predicted that a high concentration of nitrogen fertilizer and a high concentration of phosphorus fertilizer will have the greatest effect on moss growth. The independent variables were the amount of nitrogen fertilizer and the amount of phosphorus fertilizer used. The values of pure phosphorus fertilizer used included a low mass of 0 grams, a standard mass of 0.25 grams, and a high mass of 0.5 grams. The values of pure nitrogen fertilizer used included a low mass of 0 grams, a standard mass 0.25 grams, and a high mass of 0.5 grams. The dependent variable was the mass of the moss growth after two weeks. The constant was the amount of distilled water added to each solution, 400 mL. To analyze the data collected from the 21 trials in the experiment, a three two factor DOE, Design of Experiments, was used. This was used to find the effect value of each factor on the overall algae growth in the data collected.
Alexander and Alan
Our experiment is researching the effect of mass distribution, speed, and hitch length on the stability of a trailer. A scale model truck will be taken, along with a scale trailer, and be attached by a variation of hitches to a treadmill. Then, the treadmill will be turned on, and the trailer will be tapped so it will sway. It will be recorded on a slow-motion camera, The greatest angle of sway will then be measured.
Nick and Kyle
We plan to determine which combination of foam materials will absorb the most force of an impact. To determine this, the acceleration of the head caused by impact will be measured and compared to values of other materials.
For this experiment, we believe that the combination of expanded polypropylene foam (EPP) and sorbothane will yield the smallest acceleration of the inside of the helmet. EPP is a hard foam that will be the first layer in the helmet, and will absorb most of the impact force. Sorbothane is a softer foam material, like memory foam, that will absorb the left over forces from the first layer of the helmet.
Salvatore and Justin
Problem: To determine the effect of the distance between magnets, the length of the tubing, and the width of the wire coil on the amount of voltage generated with a copper coil and neodymium magnets.
Hypothesis: The combination of the high tube length (10 cm), low magnets spacing (1 mm), and high wire width (3 cm) will produce the most current.